Germany has conscription for male citizens. The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany and several special laws are regulating these duties and the exceptions. Men are obliged to serve nine months either in the military, which they can refuse, and do alternative civilian service, or honorary service (like any volunteer) for at least six years in a civil protection organisation.Families of those who were oppressed by the Nazi regime (usually Jews) are exempt from conscription, though a small number do serve.Although the conscription is of a military nature, nowadays twice as many draftees refuse military service and serve in alternative services. Women are not part of the draft. They may join the military as volunteers or under the legal construction of a “voluntary conscript”.